Nepal includes Indian territory in its map, China hand suspected
The border dispute between Nepal and India has been intensified over the past few days. On Monday, Nepal released a new map that showed Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura of India as part of the Himalayan nation.
While foreign affairs experts believe that China is behind the controversy, diplomatic experts say that by issuing the controversial map Nepal has gone a step back on its commitment to a long-standing agreement with India under the influence of China.
They said, “We could not understand the logic behind Communist Party of Nepal’s pro-China policy at this juncture. We thought there was a government in Nepal which believed in Gandhian ideology. Whereas the Communist Party government in Nepal continued to create an impression among the people that China was capable of fulfilling their needs.”
On May 8, India inaugurated the road from Lipulek in Uttarakhand to Kailash Mansarovar. Nepal had raised a strong objection to the move. Conceding that India could use the road built in Lipulek, Nepal's Prime Minister K P Oli said Nepal won’t give up its claim to even one inch of the land of its ancestors.
Nepal's Foreign Ministry lodged a protest through a statement just a day after the road link opened in Lipulek.
India responded by saying that the road construction had taken place in the Indian territory itself, but given the close relationship with Nepal, it supports resolving this issue through diplomatic means.
India also said that both countries should successfully deal with the coronavirus and after that the border dispute will be negotiated. However, Nepal rejected this request as well.
Significantly, Nepal makes its claim on Kalapani, Lipulek and Limpiyadhura on the basis of the Sugauli Treaty. The Treaty of Sugauli was signed between Nepal and British India in 1816 under which the Mahakali river was considered as the boundary line between the two nations. Experts believe that the Indo-Nepal border dispute is only about the origin of the Mahakali river. Nepal says that the river originates from Limpiyadhura near Lipulek and flows towards the south-west while India considers Kalpani as the origin of the river and flows to the south and partly to the east.